Tuesday, 26 June 2012

IPS piping system


IPS: Inspection Piping System

Mohamad Taufik bin A Rahman
Mechanical Engineering Department, Politeknik Seberang Perai

Maizul Afzairizal bin Mohd Adnan
Mechanical Engineering Department, Politeknik Seberang Perai

Nik Abdullah bin Nik hassan
Mechanical Engineering Department, Politeknik Seberang Perai
 E-mail: nikab@psp.edu.my

Zul Azri bin Razuan
Mechanical Engineering Department, Politeknik Seberang Perai



Abstract
Pipe inspection machine technology or 'Pipe Inspection Machine' is a powerful approach to the examination pipe forward for industrial uses as well as laymen. This project will further enhance the advancement of new technologies to the front. In addition, income pipe product inspection machine makes it easy to find stem work disability pipe channels and can decrease cost product full restore operation and if there have damage system. This pipe inspection machine uses some of the quality technologies in tune with today's progress. Wireless cameras are one of the high-tech components that are classified. Wireless cameras are capable of describing important announcement regarding pipe tract problems as well as using "infrared vision" for imposing damaged. Then, the machine inspection pipe also has a DC motor technology is cooked to follow the character to produce a good electronic circuit. This machine can also follow by setting size pipe and diameter that examined during the running process. In addition, the inspection machine can be used in this piping system that has a cylinder angle pipe

Keywords: Robot, pipe trace.






1             Introduction

Robotics is one of the fastest growing engineering fields of today. Robots are designed to remove the human factor from labor intensive or dangerous work and also to act in inaccessible environment. The use of robots is more common today than ever before and it is no longer exclusively used by the heavy production industries. The inspection of pipes may be relevant for improving security and efficiency in industrial plants. These specific operations as inspection, maintenance, cleaning etc. are expensive, thus the application of the robots appears to be one of the most attractive solutions. The pipelines are the major tools for the transportation of drinkable water, effluent water, fuel oils and gas. A lot of troubles caused by piping networks aging, corrosion, cracks, and mechanical damages are possible.
Pipe inspection machine technology or 'Pipe Inspection Machine' is a powerful approach to the examination pipe forward for industrial uses as well as laymen. This project will further enhance the advancement of new technologies to the front. In addition, income pipe product inspection machine makes it easy to find stem work disability pipe channels and can decrease cost product full restore operation and if there have damage system. This pipe inspection machine uses some of the quality technologies in tune with today's progress. Wireless cameras are one of the high-tech components that are classified. Wireless cameras are capable of describing important announcement regarding pipe tract problems as well as using "infrared vision" for imposing damaged. Then, the machine inspection pipe also has a DC motor technology is cooked to follow the character to produce a good electronic circuit. This machine can also follow by setting size pipe and diameter that examined during the running process. In addition, the inspection machine can be used in this piping system that has a cylinder angle pipe.
A product to be produced must have a cause of the problem in order to produce a project that will solve the problems faced by basically or users. Thus, in the piping system that is often used at present there are several issues that could was known as the backbone of the problem.


2       Design of a New Inspection Piping System

In designing the robot, it is separated into two sections which is the main structure (body) and the control section. Based on the design analysis made on the several existing model available in the market as in the figure 1, the team has agreed that the final design for the project is a combination of design 1 and design 2. Nevertheless, some modifications have been done onto the selected model as for quality improvement and function upgrading. Figure 2 is the final design for the product.


Figure 1 The existing designs available in the market


Figure 2 The proposed robot



Figure 3 The new Inspection Piping System

3       Experiment and Results

          A series of experiments has been carried out to test the functionality of the machine and its system integrity. First, it was tested in the pipe of 4’’ nominal diameter and 7’’ of nominal diameter for the second test. Third the robot is tested at a bending 900.The range reception for the remote control is around 3Km while the camera could only be used in a range of around 500m.


First, it was tested on clean and smooth working surface 4’’ nominal diameter. Second, it was tested on sludgy working surface 7’’ of nominal diameter. Third, testing the robot at a bending pipe at 900
The machine working and functioning very well when tested on the clean and smooth operating surface for the 4” diameter. Apart from that, the robot was able to operate smoothly on 7’’ of nominal diameter. The robot was also capable of making a bending through 900 pipe bending only.

4       Conclusion

As for conclusion, the proposed Piping Inspection Robot is capable of tracing the source of a leak in the pipe. This is because the pipeline, which is installed under the ground, cannot be discovered by the naked eye. Apart from that, the new design is able to shorten the times of defect detections. This is because consumers will take a long time to drill the entire length of the pipe that had been planted for detecting leakage along the pipe.


References

1          Ono, M., Hamano, T. & Shigeo Kato, S. (2008). Development of an In-pipe Inspection Robot Movable for a Long Distance. Nippon Institute of Technology, Miyashiro, Saitama. JAPAN.


2      Choi, C., Jung, S. & Kim, S. (2006). Feeder Pipe Inspection Robot with an Inch-Worm Mechanism Using Pneumatic Actuators. International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 87-95,

3      Brunete, A., Torres, J.E., Hernando, M. & Gambao, E.( 2005). A 2 DoF Servomotor-based Module for Pipe Inspection Modular Micro-robots. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (U.P.M.). Spain.

4      Tătar, O., Mândru, D. & Ardelean, I. (2007). Development of mobile minirobots for in pipe inspection tasks. ISSN 1392 - 1207. MECHANIKA. 2007. Nr.6(68), pages 60-65.



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